After long-time journey, ships have to enter a port to replenish fuel. However, it’s a dangerous work. Because the fuel is easy to burn. Thus any fire even a small spark will cause serious disaster. Besides, the static will also cause serious result. Once fire happens, it will spread quickly. Worse more, it may involve other places. Therefore, there must be security appliance in the dock.
To prevent the stray current entering the oil carrier, insulated flange and rubber hose is necessary. The carrier and dock ground respectively, then shield the insulated pipeline. You have to check it strictly before the carrier dock and refuel. Besides, the electrical equipment in the oil loading area must meet the explosion-proof requires.
In addition, the oil loading area should equip with firefighting equipment. Besides, there should be firefighting entrance and fire hose. These are to avoid the accidence. Moreover, the small size firefighting equipment and firefighting ship are necessary. Asbestos felt, canvas mat and fire sand are also important.
When loading, the oil may spill, then cause pollution and fire spread. Thus the oil containment boom and oil suction tools are necessary. As for the barge, there should be strict regulations for open fire and power security. Besides, the workshop and office on the barge must be fireproof.
Load and unload operation
The load and unload operation needs the dock oil hose. While each kind of oil has a special oil hose . These hoses are the branches on gathering pipeline. While the size and quantity depends on the size, content of carrier as well as load speed. After the load, you should clean the dock oil hose. Otherwise the reserved oil will congeal inside the hose. Then mix with the next oil.